Trillium luteum
Trillium luteum photo at Whitehouse Perennials

Yellow Trillium

Trillium luteum, commonly called yellow trillium, has beautiful mottled leaves. The flower (5 cm high) features three erect, yellow petals and three narrow, greenish sepals and appears stalkless atop the center of the three-leaf whorl. Flowers may have a faint lemon scent. It is a clump-forming plant with stems arising from thick, underground rhizomes which will spread slowly if left undisturbed. Foliage will usually die to the ground by mid-summer, particularly if the soil is allowed to dry out.

  • Height: 30-38 cm (12-15 in)
  • Spread: 25-30 cm (10-12 in)
  • Cold Hardiness: Zone 4-8
  • Sun or Shade: part to full shade
  • Bloom Time: ealy spring
  • Leaf Colour: mottled green
  • Bloom Colour: yellow
  • Nature Attraction: bees

Growing and Maintenance Tips

Yellow Trilliums are easily grown in rich, humusy, well-drained soil in part shade to full shade. They do not like to dry out especially during active growth. They will usually go summer dormant.